The first time the word robotics was used was way back in 1942 in Runaround by Isaac Asimov. Robotics are automatic machines t that were made to substitute people with the aim of making work easier. Robotics are even to date used to perform repetitive jobs faster and ensure safety in that they can handle dangerous materials. Being machines, robotics are in a position to sense and think The knowledge of their existence is used in artificial intelligence to create computer programs that think like human brains. Robotics sense and respond to surrounding in that they can handle delicate objects or apply force for example to assemble cars and in operations for instance of the eye as guided by the human surgeon.
Robotic senses are enhanced by electronic sensors that make up its eyes and ears. They have a twin video camera that give the robot a 3-D view of the world. Robotics also have pressure sensors that give the robot sense of touch, ability to judge and know the force to apply in order to have a grip on something for example an egg. Robots can think and thus are able to play games such as chess better than human beings.
Robots although they are able to think unlike humans they are not conscious. Currently neuroscientists and psychologists are making great progress in creating independent minded robots that like small children learn by using their bodies and through interaction with humans. The latest model or in other words the future or robotics is called an iCube that almost resembles man in that they can freely move their heads, capture sounds and react to spoken commands, are able to rotate their arms with the help of a motor, have an entire torso attached to the hips to help them bend sideways backwards and forward.
The robotics has bones, about 80 muscles, touch sensitive sensors, flexible writs that are copied from humans. Robotics invention is slowly affecting humans in that it’s working as a replacement in that it performs repetitive jobs, dangerous jobs such as bomb disposal. In the future, robots may do housework and other jobs for us. Fortunately humans are creative and emotional and thus in jobs requiring understanding, patience and hospitality it would be impossible for robotics to counter humanity. Robotics have induced thrilling effects to the entertainment sector for both children and adults into animations, cartoons and science fiction movies and books.